Tuesday 6 June 2023

HostedService in Microsoft.NET Core

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In the. A NETCore HostedService class represents an asynchronously operating background task or service within an application. Its function is to begin when the application begins and end when the application ends. HostedService is an integral part of the generic host in.NET Core, facilitating various functionalities such as background process execution, job schedule management, and system resource monitoring.

The resources utilised for this tutorial are listed below.

  1. VS 2022 Community Edition (64-bit)
  2. .Net 7.0
  3. Console App

Here's an example of creating a HostedService in .NET Core.

using System;
using System.Threading;
using System.Threading.Tasks;
using Microsoft.Extensions.Hosting;
using Microsoft.Extensions.Logging;

public class MyHostedService : IHostedService, IDisposable
    private readonly ILogger<MyHostedService> _logger;
    private Timer _timer;

    public MyHostedService(ILogger<MyHostedService> logger)
        _logger = logger;

    public Task StartAsync(CancellationToken cancellationToken)
        _logger.LogInformation("MyHostedService is starting.");

        _timer = new Timer(DoWork, null, TimeSpan.Zero, TimeSpan.FromSeconds(5));

        return Task.CompletedTask;

    private void DoWork(object state)
        _logger.LogInformation("Doing some work...");
        // Perform your background processing or task here

    public Task StopAsync(CancellationToken cancellationToken)
        _logger.LogInformation("MyHostedService is stopping.");

        _timer?.Change(Timeout.Infinite, 0);

        return Task.CompletedTask;

    public void Dispose()
The StartAsync and StopAsync methods must be implemented because the class MyHostedService conforms to the IHostedService interface, which is the case here. The ILogger interface is injected into the service's constructor for monitoring purposes.

During application initialization, the StartAsync method is invoked. This method can be used to initialise and initiate any background duties or processing. In this example, a Timer is created to simulate a task that repeats every 5 seconds.

The StopAsync method is invoked when an application is terminated. Its purpose is to gracefully halt any ongoing task and clean up any resources. In the example provided, the Timer is halted.

The Dispose method is implemented in order to appropriately release all service-utilized resources.

To utilise the MyHostedService, it must be registered within the application's dependency injection container. Here is an example of configuring and executing the HostedService within a console application.

using Microsoft.Extensions.DependencyInjection;
using Microsoft.Extensions.Hosting;
using Microsoft.Extensions.Logging;

var host = new HostBuilder()
.ConfigureServices((hostContext, services) =>
.ConfigureLogging(logging =>

await host.RunAsync();
In this scenario, the AddHostedService method is used to register MyHostedService within the dependency injection container as a hosted service.

When the console application is executed, MyHostedService will launch and run in the background until the application is terminated.


Please note that the Microsoft.Extensions.Hosting and Microsoft.Extensions.Logging namespaces, which are commonly used in.NET Core applications, are required for this example. Ensure that your project contains the required NuGet packages (Microsoft.Extensions.Hosting and Microsoft.Extensions.Logging.Console).

This example demonstrates the fundamentals of a HostedService in.NET Core. It is modifiable and expandable to suit your particular needs.

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